Stax music history

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Stax museum

Bill and got a B. Soul Explosion is a world class collection of some of the greatest soul, blues and funk music of all time. Stax Records Subsidiaries After being rocked by the s payola scandals , radio stations in the s were very careful about playing too many records by any one record label. For the first time, many of the label's acts began frequently recording at outside studios such as Ardent Studios in Memphis and at recording studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and working with outside producers, signaling an end of the signature Stax sound. It was really something new. After discovering that there was already a label with the name Satellite Records, Stewart and Axton renamed their label Stax Records. It was a return to the symbiosis between the producer and the rhythm section. In the next few months after everyone's regular workday and on weekends, acoustical drapes were hung, a control room was built on stage, carpeting was put on the floors, baffles were built with burlap and ruffle insulation on the one outside plaster wall to cut down on echo and a drum stand was built. Stewart then approached Warner-Seven Arts directly, but their offer was similarly unacceptable to Stax. When this song started up the charts, Jim Stewart became aware of another record company in California called "Satellite" so rather than risking litigation, the name of the company was changed to "Stax", the ST from Stewart and the AX from Axton. Rufus and his 17 year old daughter Carla recorded a duet titled "Cause I Love You" and it became a local hit in Memphis. Hip Hug-Her , by Booker T. Still under its original management but represented publicly by Al Bell, the black promotion man who became vice-president and co-owner, Stax achieved its greatest commercial success during the early s with hits recorded in Detroit, Chicago, and Muscle Shoals , Alabama, as well as in its own studios, by Johnnie Taylor, Hayes, the Staple Singers , the Dramatics, and others. She kept us in touch with the music industry. Cropper would quickly become a writer, producer and session guitarist on scores of Stax singles.

Estelle ran a record shop in the front of the building from which they would derive much of their early income. The collection is mastered by Craft Recordings and the modern treatment is something truly special.

Stax Catalog and Reappearance of the Label After Stax had gone bankrupt, the back catalog of the label and the Stax name was bought by Fantasy Records, who released albums under the imprint until they sold their rights to Concord in In the riots that followed King's murder, many properties in the vicinity of the Stax studio were attacked by rioters, but Stax was left untouched.

Stax music history

However, Davis was fired by the company shortly after signing the Stax distribution deal [1] because of reports that he used funds from CBS for personal expenditures, including the expensive bar mitzvah of his son. Dowd immediately suggested that a two-track recorder should be installed. This group became the Mar-Keys and recorded an instrumental named "Last Night" which became the next big hit for Jim and Estelle. In addition to hits by stalwarts Redding, Booker T. It was a return to the symbiosis between the producer and the rhythm section. In the summer of that year, Satellite released its first record by a rhythm and blues act, "Fool in Love", by the Veltones, which was soon picked up for national distribution by Mercury Records. In the documentary Take Me To The River , Bell states unequivocally that the city's white power structure loathed the presence of such a successful black-owned company and was determined to destroy it by any means necessary, using the bank loans as an excuse. This allowed them to quit their night jobs and become full-time professional studio musicians, and from this point on Booker T. The recording studio, located at E McLemore Ave, in Memphis was a converted movie theater still had the sloped floor where the seats had once been. The split from Atlantic allowed them to effectively become an independent musical entity, crafting their own catalogue and vision. Soul Explosion is a world class collection of some of the greatest soul, blues and funk music of all time. The Stax Museum is a replica of the Stax recording studio, the former Capitol Theatre, down to the sloping floor of studio A. Stax Catalog and Reappearance of the Label After Stax had gone bankrupt, the back catalog of the label and the Stax name was bought by Fantasy Records, who released albums under the imprint until they sold their rights to Concord in Carla Thomas also charted with some consistency, but her pre releases were on Atlantic, not Stax or Volt. The first of such concerts was in the summer of , in Los Angeles rather than in Memphis.

In the final days, Stewart remortgaged his home to keep the label aliveā€”he lost it when the label collapsed. Stax initially hoped to join Atlantic in the Warner buyout, so Jim Stewart, Estelle Axton and Al Bell flew to New York hoping to negotiate a deal, but according to Stewart the figure they were offered was "an insult".

He studied business at Memphis State in preparation for a banking career and graduated in The split from Atlantic allowed them to effectively become an independent musical entity, crafting their own catalogue and vision.

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Jones lived in the neighborhood near the Stax studio, and started hanging around. When Dowd returned to New York the next day he had the tape of Thomas' breakthrough hit "Walking the Dog", which Jim Stewart lauded as the best-sounding record Stax had yet produced.

Stax records artists

Playing at the Eagle's Nest. Although she had no formal training or experience in marketing, she had an unerring instinct for music and made many valuable suggestions to the young writers and musicians. Stewart then approached Warner-Seven Arts directly, but their offer was similarly unacceptable to Stax. Soul Explosion is a world class collection of some of the greatest soul, blues and funk music of all time. The two remaining MGs Duck Dunn and Al Jackson stayed on at Stax, working as session musicians on various Stax recordings, although they also worked elsewhere. The floors were sloped to allow for auditorium style seating, creating a unique acoustic environment for recording. Steve Cropper became an important producer for Stax and both wrote songs and produced many other acts for Jim Stewart. The most successful Stax package revue was a tour of England and France in , which played to sold-out crowds. Her first hit, "Gee Whiz", was originally issued as Satellite , but it was quickly reissued as Atlantic , becoming a hit in early Stax had signed artists like Joyce Cobb bringing her over from their Truth country music label that year, but were never able to produce recordings with her and other new talent. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

The Stax Museum is a replica of the Stax recording studio, the former Capitol Theatre, down to the sloping floor of studio A. In that era, many radio stations, anxious to avoid even the hint of payolaoften refused to play more than one or two new songs from any single record label at one time, so as to not appear to be offering favoritism to any particular label.

Rufus and his 17 year old daughter Carla recorded a duet titled "Cause I Love You" and it became a local hit in Memphis.

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See more info below about the story behind the Gulf and Western deal.

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Stax Museum of American Soul Music in Memphis, TN