Bacterial meningitis

Bacterial meningitis treatment antibiotics

Haemophilus influenzae Listeria monocytogenes These bacteria can also be associated with another serious illness, sepsis. If these parts are pressed through the small openings in the tissues that separate the brain into compartments, a life-threatening disorder called brain herniation results. Children between the ages of 1 month and 2 years are the most susceptible to bacterial meningitis. This typically occurs during close coughing or kissing or lengthy living together contact. But new Hib vaccines have greatly reduced the number of cases of this type of meningitis. All children should have this at the age of 11 to 12 years and again at 16 years, when the risk of infection is higher. Meningitis can be fatal and some people with this infection will die.

Antibiotics are given intravenously, through a needle placed into a vein usually in the arm or hand. But it can also occur when bacteria directly invade the meninges.

bacterial meningitis vaccine

Travel: Travelers may be at increased risk for meningococcal disease, caused by N. A booster shot is given at age In older children and adults, you may see confusion, irritability, increasing drowsiness.

It is also important to know that people can have these bacteria in or on their bodies without being sick. Studies show that 59 percent of recurrent cases are due to anatomical defects, and 36 percent occur in people with a weakened immune system.

Antibiotics are given through a needle placed into a vein usually in the arm or hand. How people spread the germs often depends on the type of bacteria. Fluids: Intravenous fluids can prevent dehydrationespecially if the patient is vomiting or cannot drink.

The first vaccine was created in to protect against 4 of the 13 subtypes of N. Who gets bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis precautions

Swelling in the brain cerebral edema : Inflammation can damage brain tissue, causing swelling and small areas of bleeding. These bacteria can be found in unpasteurized cheeses, hot dogs and lunchmeats. Listeria monocytogenes listeria. A survey of 17 million people in the U. Seizures and stroke may occur. Widespread vaccination has reduced the incidence of bacterial meningitis by over 99 percent. As excess fluid accumulates, it can put pressure on the brain. Fungal meningitis isn't contagious from person to person. Viral infections are the most common cause of meningitis, followed by bacterial infections and, rarely, fungal infections. Antibiotics are usually effective if given promptly, and dexamethasone a corticosteroid is often given to reduce swelling in the brain. College students living in dormitories, personnel on military bases, and children in boarding schools and child care facilities are at greater risk of meningococcal meningitis. Bacterial meningitis can happen at any age, but infants are more susceptible. The result is inflammation—meningitis—which can cause complications such as the following: Blood clots: If severe, inflammation may spread to blood vessels in the brain and cause clots to form, sometimes resulting in a stroke.

At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Cryptococcal meningitis is a common fungal form of the disease that affects people with immune deficiencies, such as AIDS.

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Bacterial Meningitis: Causes and How It’s Spread