An introduction to the life of alexander of macedon

Philip waged war against Byzantionleaving Alexander in charge as regent and heir apparent. Seeing that Homer's Iliad inspired Alexander to dream of becoming a heroic warrior, Aristotle created an abridged version of the tome for Alexander to carry with him on military campaigns.

Leonidas, who had been hired by King Phillip to teach Alexander math, horsemanship and archery, struggled to control his rebellious student.

Alexander the great death

At this point Alexander benefitted from the sudden death of Memnon , the competent Greek commander of the Persian fleet. Eurydice took her younger sons, Perdiccas and Philip, and went to the Athenian general Iphicrates, who was in the region trying to take control of the Greek city of Amphipolis. Alexander sent his body for burial with due honours in the royal tombs at Persepolis. Some parts of Caria held out, however, until A tradition, probably originating in Egypt in the 3rd century, claimed that Alexander was the son of Zeus, or the Egyptian god Amun, who came to Olympias in the form of a snake. Thank you! Ten thousand veterans were now sent back to Macedonia with gifts, and the crisis was surmounted.

At the centre of the palace was an open area surrounded by a peristyle. Alexander also ordered the murder of Attalus, [47] who was in command of the advance guard of the army in Asia Minor and Cleopatra's uncle.

Thanks for watching! Ten thousand veterans were now sent back to Macedonia with gifts, and the crisis was surmounted. Crossing the Oxus, he sent his general Ptolemy in pursuit of Bessus, who had meanwhile been overthrown by the Sogdian Spitamenes.

alexander the great facts

Philip then returned to Elatea, sending a final offer of peace to Athens and Thebes, who both rejected it. Alexander Enters India In B.

Alexander the great accomplishments

Some parts of Caria held out, however, until In November of , Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive. Leaving Porus, he then proceeded down the river and into the Indus, with half his forces on shipboard and half marching in three columns down the two banks. Philip waged war against Byzantion , leaving Alexander in charge as regent and heir apparent. Alexander was the first to break the Theban lines, followed by Philip's generals. From a contemporary standpoint, as one might expect, this is a wholly satisfying stance to take. Alexander had on several occasions encouraged favourable comparison of his own accomplishments with those of Dionysus or Heracles. But to say he did so entirely of his own accord, built the mechanisms of government necessary to do so, and developed the processes of army training and unique characteristics of the Macedonian phalanx considerably longer spears, for example from the ground up would be a mistake. Shelves: alexander Peter Green's thesis I'm p. Bessus was now in Bactria raising a national revolt in the eastern satrapies with the usurped title of Great King. Alexander himself is to be thanked in this regard, considering he had the foresight at least on his Asian campaign to take not just soldiers, but historians, zoologists, botanists, and a wealth of other individuals with a mind to catalog everything they witnessed. These made a stand at a certain eminence, and asked that Alexander should promise them quarter.

His determination to incorporate Persians on equal terms in the army and the administration of the provinces was bitterly resented.

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Plutarch • Life of Alexander (Part 1 of 7)